[PDF Download] The Battle For The Black Ballot

The Battle for the Black Ballot PDF
Author: Charles L. Zelden
Publisher: Landmark Law Cases & American
ISBN:
Size: 48.69 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 156
View: 4831
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The history of voting rights in America is a checkerboard marked by dogged progress against persistent prejudice toward an expanding inclusiveness. The Supreme Court decision in Smith v. Allwright is a crucial chapter in that broader story and marked a major turning point for the modern civil rights movement. Charles Zelden's concise and thoughtful retelling of this episode reveals why. Denied membership in the Texas Democratic Party by popular consensus, party rules, and (from 1923 to 1927) state statutes, Texas blacks were routinely turned away from voting in the Democratic primary in the first decades of the twentieth century. Given that Texas was a one-party state and that the primary effectively determined who held office, this meant the total exclusion of Texas blacks from the political process. This practice went unchecked until 1940, when Lonnie Smith, a black dentist from Houston, fought his exclusion by election judge S. E. Allwright in the 1940 Democratic Primary. Defeated in the lower courts, Smith finally found justice in the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled 8-1 that the Democratic Party and its primary were not "private and voluntary" and, thus, were duly bound by constitutional protections governing the electoral process and the rights of all citizens. While the initial impetus of the case may have been the wish of one man to exercise his right to vote, the real meaning of Smith's challenge to the Texas all white primary lies at the heart of the entire civil rights revolution. One of the first significant victories for the NAACP's newly formed Legal Defense Fund against Jim Crow segregation, it provided the conceptual foundation which underlay Thurgood Marshall's successful arguments in Brown v. Board of Education. It was also viewed by Marshall, looking back on a long and storied career, as one of his most important personal victories. As Zelden shows, the Smith decision attacked the intractable heart of segregation, as it redrew the boundary between public and private action in constitutional law and laid the groundwork for many civil rights cases to come. It also redefined the Court's involvement in what had been a hands-off area of "political questions" and foreshadowed its participation in voter reapportionment cases. A landmark case in the evolution of Southern race relations and politics and for voting rights in general, Smith also provides a telling example of how the clash between national concerns and local priorities often acts as a lightning rod for resolving controversial issues. Zelden's lucid account of the controversies and conflicts surrounding Smith should refine and reinvigorate our understanding of a crucial moment in American history.

[PDF Download] Thabo Mbeki And The Battle For The Soul Of The Anc

Thabo Mbeki and the Battle for the Soul of the ANC PDF
Author: William Mervin Gumede
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 184813259X
Size: 35.81 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 494
View: 2179
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As a spokesman for a country, a continent and the developing world, Thabo Mbeki plays a crucial role in world politics, but to many people he is an enigma. Is this simply because Mbeki is a secretive man, or are there complicated political factors at play? In this book, experienced journalist William Gumede pulls together the insights he has gained from years of reporting on the Mbeki presidency to create a sophisticated but readable account of South Africa's seat of power. He explores the complex position that Mbeki occupies - following in Nelson Mandela's footsteps, heading a party with roots as a liberation movement, and ruling an intensely divided country. Revealing the political and personal tensions behind the scenes, Gumede explains the forces that have created one of the world's most powerful and enigmatic leaders. Covering Mbeki's attempts to modernise the economy and kick-start an African Renaissance, and investigating his controversial stance on issues from AIDS to Zimbabwe, the book offers invaluable insights into the machinations behind political decisions that touch the lives of millions every day.

[PDF Download] Beyond Texas Through Time

Beyond Texas Through Time PDF
Author: Walter Louis Buenger
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 1603442340
Size: 49.88 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 295
View: 3067
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In 1991 Walter L. Buenger and the late Robert A. Calvert compiled a pioneering work in Texas historiography: Texas Through Time, a seminal survey and critique of the field of Texas history from its inception through the end of the 1980s. Now, Buenger and Arnoldo De León have assembled an important new collection that assesses the current state of Texas historiography, building on the many changes in understanding and interpretation that have developed in the nearly twenty years since the publication of the original volume. This new work, Beyond Texas Through Time, departs from the earlier volume's emphasis on the dichotomy between traditionalism and revisionism as they applied to various eras. Instead, the studies in this book consider the topical and thematic understandings of Texas historiography embraced by a new generation of Texas historians as they reflect analytically on the work of the past two decades. The resulting approaches thus offer the potential of informing the study of themes and topics other than those specifically introduced in this volume, extending its usefulness well beyond a review of the literature. In addition, the volume editors' introduction proposes the application of cultural constructionism as an important third perspective on the thematic and topical analyses provided by the other contributors. Beyond Texas Through Time offers both a vantage point and a benchmark, serving as an important reference for scholars and advanced students of history and historiography, even beyond the borders of Texas.

[PDF Download] American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 19.56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Category : American literature
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 4576
Status: Available

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[PDF Download] The Battle Over School Prayer

The Battle Over School Prayer PDF
Author: Bruce J. Dierenfield
Publisher: Landmark Law Cases & American
ISBN:
Size: 74.14 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 263
View: 275
Status: Available

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A concise and readable guide to the first--and still most important--case that tackled the constitutionality of prayer in public schools. The decision evoked an enormous outcry from a wide spectrum of society concerned about protecting religious practice in America and curbing an activist Supreme Court that many perceived to be too liberal and out-of-control.

[PDF Download] Lifting As We Climb

Lifting as We Climb PDF
Author: Evette Dionne
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 0451481569
Size: 59.65 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : un
Pages : 176
View: 3404
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For African American women, the fight for the right to vote was only one battle. This Coretta Scott King Author Honor book tells the important, overlooked story of black women as a force in the suffrage movement--when fellow suffragists did not accept them as equal partners in the struggle. Susan B. Anthony. Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Alice Paul. The Women's Rights Convention at Seneca Falls. The 1913 Women's March in D.C. When the epic story of the suffrage movement in the United States is told, the most familiar leaders, speakers at meetings, and participants in marches written about or pictured are generally white. That's not the real story. Women of color, especially African American women, were fighting for their right to vote and to be treated as full, equal citizens of the United States. Their battlefront wasn't just about gender. African American women had to deal with white abolitionist-suffragists who drew the line at sharing power with their black sisters. They had to overcome deep, exclusionary racial prejudices that were rife in the American suffrage movement. And they had to maintain their dignity--and safety--in a society that tried to keep them in its bottom ranks. Lifting as We Climb is the empowering story of African American women who refused to accept all this. Women in black church groups, black female sororities, black women's improvement societies and social clubs. Women who formed their own black suffrage associations when white-dominated national suffrage groups rejected them. Women like Mary Church Terrell, a founder of the National Association of Colored Women and of the NAACP; or educator-activist Anna Julia Cooper who championed women getting the vote and a college education; or the crusading journalist Ida B. Wells, a leader in both the suffrage and anti-lynching movements. Author Evette Dionne, a feminist culture writer and the editor-in-chief of Bitch Media, has uncovered an extraordinary and underrepresented history of black women. In her powerful book, she draws an important historical line from abolition to suffrage to civil rights to contemporary young activists--filling in the blanks of the American suffrage story. "Dionne provides a detailed and comprehensive look at the overlooked roles African American women played in the efforts to end slavery and then to secure the right to vote for women." --Kirkus Reviews, starred review

[PDF Download] Choice

Choice PDF
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 30.90 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Category : Academic libraries
Languages : en
Pages :
View: 3519
Status: Available

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[PDF Download] The Miracle Case

The Miracle Case PDF
Author: Laura Wittern-Keller
Publisher: Landmark Law Cases & American
ISBN:
Size: 66.86 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 233
View: 945
Status: Available

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Examines the Supreme Court's unanimous 1952 decision in favor of a film exhibitor who had been denied a license to show the controversial Italian film, Il Miracolo. The ruling was a watershed event in the history of film censorship, ushering in a new era of mature--and sophisticated--American filmmaking.

[PDF Download] The Zoning Of America

The Zoning of America PDF
Author: Michael Allan Wolf
Publisher: Landmark Law Cases & American
ISBN:
Size: 77.71 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Category : Law
Languages : en
Pages : 188
View: 6041
Status: Available

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Revisits the landmark case Euclid v. Ambler, in which the Supreme Court surprisingly upheld the constitutionality of local zoning laws protecting residential neighborhoods from real and perceived disturbances, a decision that forever changed the way American cities and their suburbs were organized.